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– written and compiled by Tim Farnsworth
July 12-20: Foreign Ministers Meet in Vienna as P5+1 and Iran Talks Head Into Final Week
EU nuclear negotiator Catherine Ashton invited the foreign ministers from the P5+1 states (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) to Vienna during the final week of negotiations between the group and Iran on reaching a comprehensive agreement to address concerns about Iran’s nuclear program. They aim to conclude the negotiation by July 20, but they could also agree to extend the talks.
For more news and analysis on the ongoing talks, delivered straight to your inbox, sign-up for our new P5+1 and Iran Talks Alert for reporters and interested readers. The alerts will include dispatches from Vienna from ACA’s nonproliferation analyst, Kelsey Davenport.
Also, check out the latest Iran resources from the Arms Control Association and Arms Control Today:
- “Solving the Iranian Nuclear Puzzle: Toward a Realistic and Effective Comprehensive Nuclear Agreement,” by the ACA Research Staff, June 2014.
- “Agreeing on Limits for Iran’s Centrifuge Program: A Two-Stage Strategy,” by Alexander Glaser, Zia Mian, Hossein Mousavian, and Frank von Hippel, Arms Control Today, July/August 2014.
- “The Iranian Uranium-Enrichment Challenge,” by Daryl G. Kimball, Arms Control Today, June 2014.
- “A Win-Win Solution for Iran’s Arak Reactor,” by Ali Ahmad, Frank von Hippel, Alexander Glaser, and Zia Mian, Arms Control Today, April 2014.
- “Implementation of the Joint Plan of Action at a Glance,” Arms Control Association Fact Sheet.
- “History of Official Proposals on the Iranian Nuclear Issue,” Arms Control Association Fact Sheet.
July 16: 49th Anniversary of “Trinity,” First Nuclear Test
The “Trinity” nuclear test was the first of over 2,000 tests to take place over the past 49 years. You can find a list of “Infamous Anniversaries” on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty Organization’s (CTBTO’s) website. The CTBTO is the verification regime created for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) that bans nuclear explosions anywhere. Although the United States is one of 183 countries that have signed the treaty, it has failed to ratify. Washington is among the eight remaining countries whose ratification is required for the treaty to enter into force.
Recently, speaking at the ASEAN Regional Forum, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Frank Rose said “[t]he entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty remains a top priority for the United States. We are working to educate the American public on the security benefits of the Treaty, as well as the dangerous health effects of explosive nuclear testing.”
For more information on the CTBT, visit The Project for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
July 16: U.S. Air Force Presents Alternatives to Modernize Nuclear Missiles
The U.S. Air Force is expected to present its alternatives for maintaining or replacing the existing Minuteman III ICBM arsenal to government contractors on July 16 at Hill Air Force Base in Utah. Costs and budget concerns are expected to play a role in the direction the Air Force chooses to go with its modernization program.
“According to CBO, if the Air Force decides to build a replacement ICBM, development costs for the missile and warhead would add up to $10 billion by 2023. Production costs would fall outside the ten-year window,” says Tom Z. Collina, ACA’s research director, in a January 2014 Issue Brief.
For further information on the Air Force’s ICBM life extension program and other nuclear modernization programs, see:
- “Trimming the Bloated Nuclear Weapons Budget,” by Tom Z. Collina, Arms Control Association Issue Brief, January 2014.
- “NNSA’s ‘3+2’ Nuclear Warhead Plan Does Not Add Up,” by Tom Z. Collina, Arms Control Association Issue Brief, May 2014.
- “U.S. Nuclear Arms Spending Set to Rise,” by Tom Z. Collina, Arms Control Today, April 2014.
July 17: House Armed Services Hearing on Russian INF Treaty Violations
The House Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces will be hosting a hearing on “Russian Violations of the INF Treaty: After Detection–What?” with Steven Pifer, Brookings Institution; Stephen Rademaker, Bipartisan Policy Center; and Jim Thomas, Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. 2118 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington.
The State Department is expected to deliver its annual arms control compliance report to Congress soon. The report could shine more light on the recent accusations by the United States over alleged Russian violations of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF). Previous versions of the compliance report can be found on the State Department’s website.
For more information on the INF allegations, check out:
- “Russia Should Uphold Its INF Treaty Commitments,” by Tom Z. Collina, Arms Control Association Issue Brief, May 2014.
- “Congressman Clarifies U.S. INF Concerns,” by Tom Z. Collina, Arms Control Today, June 2014.